Our Project

Toilet Project

Toilet project for Chalish Gaon,, Nepal

Project Overview

The villagers of Chalish Gaon, Nepal, are desperately seeking assistance to improve their sanitation facilities as a means of improving their health and productivity. As a first step towards that goal, the initial proposal outlined:

  • Building one toilets for per house

Background Information

The village of Chalish Gaon is a small village situated in the Ganesh Himal region of Nepal (north central Nepal, approximately 70km northwest of Kathmandu). The nearest practicable road is a two-day walk, in the best of conditions, and the nearest town is 35km away. All provisions, materials and produce are carried to and from the village by porters. The village is not connected to any electrical grid. The village has one elementary school with dirt floors and few materials. Approximately 21% of girls and 32% of boys receive primary education. Higher education must be pursued in a Neighboring village at approximately 1.5-hours walking distance.

Nepal is faced with many challenges:

  • About half of the population of Nepal lives below the international poverty line (Less than US$1.25/day). In the Chalish Gaon region, their per capita income Plummets to about 37 cents a day.
  • Nearly half of the population of Nepal is unemployed.
  • UNDP’s Human Development Index places Nepal at 144 out of 182 countries.The World Economic Forum’s Global Competitiveness Report situates it at 125 out of 133. Transparency International’s Corruption Perceptions Index ranks Nepal as 143rd of 180.
  • Agriculture accounts for about 40% of Nepal’s GDP and employs 76% of the workforce, much of which is unskilled. In Chalish Gaon, approximately 85% of the population is farmers.
  • Nearly two-thirds of Nepalese women and one-third of men are illiterate.
  • While Nepali is the maternal language of 48% of the population, over 100 recognized indigenous languages exist in Nepal.
  • Eight of the 10 highest mountains in the world are situated in the Nepali Himalayas. Infrastructure construction is difficult and expensive due to the mountainous terrain.

Chalish Gaon and its Sanitation:

The village of Chalish Gaon contains about 67 households (around 230 people) of Gurung and Bika families. There are no sanitation facilities in the village, excepting a few of the more fortunate families that have built their own unmanaged dry latrines and keep them under lock and key. Only teachers are allowed to use the single tiny dry latrine at the school. All the other villagers relieve themselves in the rice fields around the village, mostly upstream of the water delivery points. Small children, the infirm and the elderly have more difficulty going outside the village for their needs, which creates further health hazards. Large quantities of water are not available for irrigation of crops or for livestock. Some buffalo are kept within the village centre, while most of the herds are kept in the fields below the village. Garbage disposal is also a challenge: waste often clutters the countryside or is burned, releasing toxic fumes.

Public Consultation

In early 2009, Rising Nepal Youth Club attempted, for the first time in history, a preliminary survey of tap and toilets in 11 villages in the area surrounding Chalish Gaon as a means of addressing serious public health concerns. Within the framework of this survey, focus group discussions and interviews on the subject of taps and toilets were organized in Chalish Gaon with 59 people, including representatives of Himalayan Health Care, the Sertung Health Center, principals from surrounding schools, local political leaders, social workers, villagers and the survey team. The survey was not restricted by caste, class or gender. Results showed that 85% of the citizens would like to have their own private tap, but a small minority would be satisfied to have at least three or four additional taps in the village. Ninety percent of those interviewed expressed the desire for private toilets, ideally one for every 1 to 3 households. Five percent did not know if they should have taps and toilets. The population is very poor and cannot afford to build such extensive infrastructure or do not have land or manpower. Seven percent have the perception that toilets will smell foul. Additional research shows that the populations are in very poor health, often caused by contaminated drinking water and poor hygiene. Citizens bathe on average once a month and drink non-potable, unboiled and unfiltered water. The environment is unsanitary and the villagers have not been educated in hand-washing practices and causes of disease, resulting in reduced life expectancy. Their traditional beliefs and lack of a nearby hospital often lead them to seek medical help from a shaman rather than a doctor. Kitchen equipment is often not washed and flies can also be agents for disease, which is then quickly transmitted from person to person in close proximity. In November of 2009, another informal consultation took place with the villagers on their water and sanitation needs. The villagers feel they have been neglected by the government, which has not recognized their dire situation. While a national NGO has continued to gather information on taps, there is no improvement plan underway. A few other NGOs have been active in the health and education sector, but none have studied or are addressing the basic sanitation needs of the village. In July 2010, representatives from the primary school and the Youth Club initiated contact to develop this proposal, as the community has collectively determined that attending to their water and sanitation needs is an urgent priority for their well-being and future prosperity and are requesting assistance from all possible Sources.

Priority on the basis of need

Kaduri Agricultural Association (KAA) a NGO has built the tap in the village per three household ,in average, in 2010. Thus the water supply to the village is secondary in priority whereas to provide latrine is the first priority.

Axes of Action

Sanitation needs in Chalish Gaon are enormous, a few priorities have been identified for urgent action and for which the villagers are seeking immediate support.

  1. responsible for improvements to the school. Protection of the toilets from livestock and maintenance of the toilets, especially when school is not in session, was a concern to the villagers.
  2. Goals and Objectives The current proposal aims to put partners in relation with each other that can:
    1. Supply technical assistance in assessing the sanitation needs for the village;
    2. Support the undertaking financially or through donation of materials, labor or time;
    3. Provide services for the transport of goods to the rural area;
    4. Advise workers on site in order to carry out improvements on sanitation facilities;
    5. Educate the population in health and hygiene practices, encouraging behavioral and social change;
    6. Instruct and empower the villagers to take responsibility for the maintenance and upkeep of the new facilities;

Estimated Budget for building one Toilets for per house.

Toilet project estimation
Cost estimation for one toilet
S.n. Particular Qty Npr in $ Total in $ Remarks
1 Toilet pan 1 1500 21.42857143 1500 21.43 Qty in pcs
2 Tin for roof 3 600 8.571428571 1800 25.71 Qty in pcs
3 Plane tin for door 1 1000 14.28571429 1000 14.29 qty in pcs
4 Cement 2 700 10 1400 20 qty in 2 pckt & 30kg/pkt)
5 Sand stone 3 600 8.571428571 1800 25.71 3 days per person to collect
6 Door frame wooden 1 1500 21.42857143 1500 21.43 qty in pcs
7 Stone for wall 1 6000 85.71428571 6000 85.71 Stone cutting for one toilet@rs.600*10
8 Miscellaneous(joint, key etc.) 1 1500 21.42857143 1500 21.43 1 set for 1 toilet such as toilet joining,
key and other materials
9 Transportation cost 12 600 8.571428571 7200 102.9 rs600*2labor*6days two way
10 Building construction 30 600 8.571428571 18000 257.1 15days*2person*rs600/person/day
Total 41700 595.7
Now we can estimate for the one target village i.e.chalish gaun. Chalish Village consist of two caste people i.e.

Ø  Lower caste people(kami people) and

Ø  middle Caste people(Gurung people).

Lower caste village(kamigaun) Rate Total
S.n. Total household Npr in $ Rs in $
1 16 41700 595.7 667200 9531.43
Upper caste
S.n. Total household Npr in $ Rs in $
1 50 41700 595.7 2085000 29785.7
Total estimated cost for Chalish village
S.n. Total household Npr in $ Rs in $
1 66 41700 595.7 2752200 39317.1